ELLIS Munich has machine learning at its foundation

ELLIS Munich has machine learning at its foundation

ML is about developing algorithms for analyzing data. In a multitude of conceivable application areas they help to solve problems such as classification, recognition, inference or predictive modeling, amongst others. Apart from practical innovations regarding novel algorithms, architectures and learning strategies, we also need a thorough theoretical analysis to provide performance guarantees or stability analysis. Without such theoretical guarantees, the purely empirical successes are challenged by the doubt on reliability. ELLIS Munich welcomes contributions of talents to the great challenge of AI explicability and the development of novel, reliable and intelligent algorithms for future applications.

<h2 class="layerContent">Key application areas</h2>

<p class="btn btn-outline"><a href="t3://page?uid=54561" target="_blank">Biomedicine</a></p>

<p class="btn btn-outline"><a href="t3://page?uid=54567" target="_blank">Computer Vision</a></p>

<p class="btn btn-outline"><a href="t3://page?uid=54558" target="_blank">Earth Observation</a></p>

Key application areas

 

Biomedicine

 

Computer Vision

 

Earth Observation

Foundations of Machine Learning

Neural networks for graph structures

In many application areas of MLdata can be represented in form of graphs. Examples include social networks, shape analysis or protein or other biomedical data. It is therefore of utmost importance for these application areas to transfer the overwhelming success of deep networks from image data to graph representations.

Deep learning for time series analysis

Data often arises in the form of time series, including challenges like video analysis, weather forecasting or portfolio optimization. To date, the number of working network approaches for time series analysis is rather limited. We therefore believe that it is of enormous practical value to develop novel DL approaches for time series analysis.

Deep networks, optimal control & global optimization

Optimal control is an important challenge in numerous application areas - an example is the modeling of multiagent interactions. To date, the relationship between deep networks and optimal control has not been extensively explored andwe expect that this topic will have important consequences both for optimal control as well as for DL.

Theory of knowledge graphs

This topic includes many real-world phenomena including challenges like semantic video or scene analysis and clinical and gene ontologies. We therefore plan to advance the theory of knowledge graphs, in particular the applicability of DL to this domain.

Deep representation learning

In many real-world situations, the issue of sparsely orunlabeled data can be addressed by either unsupervised or self-supervised learning. We aim to advance latent representation learning by developing methods to robustly include additional priors from either graphs or other covariates, and leverage this for style transfer in our three key application areas.

Novel algorithms for network training

While DL has become increasingly important in endless application areas, to date the dominating strategy for training neural networks are various forms of stochastic gradient descent. We therefore believe that it is of immense value to explore more sophisticated optimization methods that may be more suitable to such non-smooth optimization problems.